The conference aims to evaluate the relevance of concepts such as syncretism, hybridity, mélange, métissage and bricolage used to describe the processes of transmission of Buddhism by comparing case studies from various Asian cultural areas and from different historical periods. Of paramount importance in the conference is the contextualisation of the processes of transmission of Buddhism. Regardless of the period under examination, the transmission of Buddhism from one cultural context in Asia to another is always dependant on specific local circumstances and needs ; thus, teachings and practices are always reinterpreted locally. Therefore, the transfer of Buddhism never results in the conservation of a supposedly authentic tradition, but rather is a dynamic process of constant renewal. In a nutshell, the goal of the conference is to typologize the historical, cultural and societal factors that induce religious innovation by considering global as well as local frameworks. Through specific case studies, cultural and religious complexities will become visible as dynamic phenomena which move beyond boundaries.