The current context of rapid urbanization worldwide sees cities subjected to various challenges: the climate crisis, demographic change or spatial reorganization of the production system, as well as urban sprawl and metropolization. These challenges, which have a different impact at the local level, are sometimes conflicting, with a concentration effect occurring in cities while the activities and impacts of these same cities are distributed over increasingly larger areas.
In this context, the transformations at every level in individual and collective mobility have become a central issue for metropolises. These transformations are supported by multiple initiatives and raise doubts around the transportation model, divided predominantly between cars and public transport, that was consolidated during the second half of the 20th century.
At the same time, city congestion focuses the attention of decision-makers at many levels, be it combatting air pollution, reducing its impact on urban economy or improving quality of life. The need to reduce the role of cars in urban centres and to increase access to public transport is changing the existing model without discarding it completely.
The purpose of the FFJ/ Michelin Foundation Fellowship is to examine recent strategies devised by major global cities in terms of mobility, the modes of governance and the different systems of actors involved through a study comparing initiatives in Asian cities, especially Japanese cities, to those from other geographic regions.