Knowledge, Mediation and Empire. James Tod's journeys among the Rajputs

Knowledge, Mediation and Empire. James Tod's journeys among the Rajputs

James Tod (1782-1835) spent twenty-two years in India (1800-22), during the last five of which he was Political Agent of the British Government in India to the Western Rajput States in north-west India. This book studies Tod's relationships with particular Rajput leaders, and with the Rajputs as a group in general, in order to better understand his attempts to portray their history, geographical moorings and social customs to British and European readers. This book highlights Tod's apparently numerous motivations in writing on the Rajputs : to bring knowledge about them into European circles, to demonstrate that the Rajputs maintained historical records from the early MIddle Ages and were thus not a primitive people without awareness of their own history, and to establish possible ethnic links between the warrior-like Rajputs and the peoples of Europe, as also between the feudal institutions of Rajputana and Europe. Fierce criticisms in Tod's time of his ethnic and institutional hypotheses about connections between Rajputs and Europeans illustrate that Tod's texts were highly controversial. The innovative approach adopted by the author goes beyond a binary opposition between the colonisers and the colonised in India, by focusing on traces of frendly exchanges between Tod and his British colleagues and the various members of the kingdoms of western India with whom they interacted. Under themes like landscape, anthropology, science, Romantic literature, approaches to government policy and knowledge exchanges in India and in London, this volume analyses Tod's role as a mediator of knowledge through his travels in the early nineteenth century.